In this article you will have every bit of knowledge regarding the Cardiac Arrest, or in other words all you need to know related to cardiac arrest consists this article. Starting from the scratch, ‘cardiac’ means related to heart or pertaining to heart. Now here ‘arrest’ means blocking, clog, restrain, stopping to go ahead. So now that we are clear with what is the meaning of Cardiac Arrest separately. We are ready to move ahead and dive deeper into the matter with conscious focus. I am going to take you through the series of questions that are mentioned below, whose answers you must know and some other aspects related to the issue here.
Q1. What is cardiac arrest?
Q2. How it Occurs?
Q3. Why cardiac arrest occurs?
What is cardiac arrest?
Cardiac Arrest or Heart Attack it’s one and the same thing. What Cardiac Arrest means is heart stopped beating, or stops functioning. Why heart stopped beating? What was the reason behind that?
All of these question’s answers will make sense once you read without skipping anything! So it starts with the shape of the heart.
Okay! What about it? The shape of the heart has 4 chambers or to be precise it has actually 2 which are sub divided into 4, those 2 are described as atrial and ventricle. So in a nutshell, hindrance in the blood flow to the heart causes heart to stop, that is called cardiac arrest.
Q2. How it Occurs?
How Cardiac Arrest Occurs? There are two process in a heart one is atrial fibrillation and other one is ventricular fibrillation. What is atrial fibrillation? It is the upper half part of the heart.
Atrial fibrillation is basically creating the electrical pulses, now if you are not aware about the electrical pulses, it is responsible for the blood flow throughout the body.
For instance when you are lying on your bed or just not doing any particular physical activity your electrical pulses will be low and your heartbeat will be normal or blood pressure will be normal.
Let’s take another example to be certain here, you might have noticed your heart starts beating faster when you are climbing the stairs, walking, running or any other physical activity. At that particular period your atrial fibrillation or we can say the electric pulses are higher which is responsible to deliver the right amount of blood flow to the body organs, muscles.
Heart Rate Monitor
You might have noticed in movies or hospitals, the machine near the patient monitoring the patient’s pulses are actually monitoring atrial fibrillation.
Now as we are through with this, let’s understand about the other part(lower portion of the heart) of the heart which is ventricular fibrillation. All the pumping of the blood is from there only. Cardiac arrest occurs due to irregular heart beating or irregular blood supply to the body.
What is actually that irregularity called?
They are called arrhythmias. Abnormal heart beats are what known as arrhythmias.
How many types of arrhythmias are there? The types are as follows, first, heart beating too fast, too slow or sudden cardiac arrest(SCA) where heart just stops beating, in the last case(SCA).
Due to the blockage of the blood flow to the heart, but still in this case, heart continues beating, but as I said before, obstruction of the blood flow to the heart, gives rise to cardiac arrest.
Q3. Why cardiac arrest occurs?
This occurs due to following reasons Physical stress, inherited disorders, coronary heart disease. Now I will be explaining these terms to you one by one, starting with the most important one which is Coronary heart disease, so what is coronary artery disease.
First of all what it means is shortness of breath, weakness or we can say dizziness, faster heart beating, feeling pains in certain areas like neck spine region, left arm, left shoulder, buildup of plaque inside the arteries. Which does only one thing and that is restricting the flow of blood through the arteries.
We all know the blockage in the arteries due to the fact that plaque has been buildup, it will give a stroke or heart attack for sure. This coronary heart disease can be tackled easily by reducing or eliminating the amount of fat particularly trans-fats, saturated fats.
Where Does these Fats Comes From?
Which generally comes from the oil, fried food items, extra intake of fatty food items, now let me be honest, while eating those tasty fries, chips, and other fried dishes. You are indeed getting taste but what definitely you are not getting is nutrition.
Unsaturated fats instead are a healthier and safe option which comes from nuts like peanuts, walnuts, cashew, almonds etc. Now how to tackle coronary artery disease?
Start off with thing I just told you above, reducing the fat, sugar intake, and next be consistent on the healthy diet, exercise regularly, you don’t to spend 2 hours at gym, only 45 minutes of yoga, jogging, running, would do enough.
Next is physical stress, stress, anxiety, hypertension is what you feel when you are in a ton of work load, or eating unhealthy food, less sleep hours, deadlines at work, or an incident which is giving you a constant stress.
This will raise the blood pressure that with time causes hypertension, or cholesterol build up in your arteries, fatigue often, and reduce the concentration and lot more, how you can handle this physical stress or all kinds of stress?
What are the Stress Management techniques?
It can be easily handled by controlling the state of your own mind, how your response will be, to that stress is what matters here.
Believing in the overcoming of those challenges which you are facing that are giving you those kinds of stress, you will be able to tackle it like a piece of cake.
Meditation is another example of stress management techniques, exercising on the daily basis is one of the relaxation techniques you can use.
Now the last is inherited disorder, which is fairly simple, it says a disease or problems, related to health faced by your ancestors or family history has a similar health issues, which continues to persist in the next generation is called inherited disorders.